Le Monde bouge :Â En 2008, les Islandais avaient refusÃ© par rÃ©fÃ©rendum, Ã plus de 93%, d’assumer les dettes des banques responsables de la faillite du pays. Aujourd’hui, ils continuent de prendre leur destin en main : via Facebook et Twitter, les citoyens sont appelÃ©s Ã participer Ã la rÃ©daction d’une nouvelle Constitution. Un processus inÃ©dit qui pourrait prÃ©figurer la dÃ©mocratie de demain.
Extraits du projet de Constitution sur les ressources naturelles et la nature islandaise (en anglais)
26. Natural Resources
Â Â Â Natural resources of Iceland are common and perpetual property of the nation. No one can get them for permanent ownership or use and may not sell or mortgage.
Â Â Â Holders of the legislative and executive protection of resources and can grant permission for the use or exploitation against the full fee and a moderate period of time. Such licenses lead never to ownership or irrevocable fiduciary of resources.
Â Â Â Marine resources and ocean bottom in Icelandic waters are public property. To resources in the nation, also includes resources, which are privately owned, such as the commercially exploited stocks, land, water and power and geothermal rights and mining rights.
27. Iceland Nature
Â Â Â Icelandic nature is inviolable. Each person must respect and protect.
Â Â Â The utilization of common resources of the nation must act so that they are not diminished in the long term and the right of future generations is observed.
Â Â Â All the legally guaranteed right to healthy environment, fresh water and unspoiled natural land, air and sea, where biological diversity is maintained and improved the previous damage as possible.
Â Â Â The public is free to leave the country as the law allows.